The inhabitants of the District are mostly rural based and agriculture sector is the mainstay of livelihood. Workers in the district are engaged in agriculture as their main vocation. Subsistent traditional agriculture practice and the absence of agri infrastructure and market accessibility have prevented the district from capitalizing the favourable agro climatic opportunities and traditionally practiced organic farming.
At present however, commercial cultivation of products such as Cardamom, long Beans, and horticulture products is gradually picking up. The district has the distinction of practicing traditional organic cultivation.